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School Choice Programs in America: The Facts

EXISTING PROGRAMS

Voucher Programs in the United States

There are 16 school voucher programs in the United States serving 81,590 students during the 2011-12 school year. Nine states and the District of Columbia and Douglas County, Colo. offer school voucher programs.

Florida: John M. McKay Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Florida. 
Serves 22,861 students in 2011-12.

Georgia: Georgia Special Needs Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Georgia.
Serves 2,965 students in 2011-12.

Indiana: Choice Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low- and middle-income families in Indiana. 
Serves 3,919 students in 2011-12.

Louisiana: Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low-income families in failing schools in Louisiana.
Serves 1,848 students in 2011-12.

Louisiana: School Choice Pilot Program for Certain Students with Exceptionalities
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Louisiana.
Serves 186 students in 2011-12.


Mississippi: Mississippi Dyslexia Therapy Scholarship for Students with Dyslexia Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with dyslexia in Mississippi.
This program is set to begin in 2012-13.

Ohio: Autism Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with autism in Ohio. 
Serves 2,236 students in 2011-12.

Ohio: Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low-income families in Cleveland, Ohio. 
Serves 5,603 students in 2011-12.

Ohio: Educational Choice Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children in failing schools in Ohio. 
Serves 16,136 students in 2011-12.

Ohio: Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Ohio.
This program is set to begin in 2012-13.

Oklahoma: Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Oklahoma. 
Serves 160 students in 2011-12.

Utah: Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarship
Provides private school vouchers to assist children with special needs in Utah.
Serves 635 students in 2011-12.

Washington, D.C.: D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low-income families in Washington, D.C. 
Serves 1,615 students in 2011-12.

Wisconsin: Milwaukee Parental Choice Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low-income families in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Serves 23,198 students in 2011-12.

Wisconsin: Racine Parental Choice Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children from low-income families in Racine, Wisconsin. 
Serves 228 students in 2011-12.

Douglas County, CO: Douglas County Choice Scholarship Program
Provides private school vouchers to assist children living in the Douglas County School District.
This program is not running due to a court injunction.

Scholarship Tax Credit Programs in the United States

There are 14 scholarship tax credit programs in the United States serving 128,792 students during the 2011-12 school year. Eleven states offer scholarship tax credit programs.

Arizona: Lexie’s Law
Provides scholarships to foster children and children with special needs to attend private school in Arizona.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Serves 115 students in 2011-12.

Arizona: Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children to attend private school in Arizona.
Tax credits provided to individual donors.
Serves 25,343 students in 2011-12.

Arizona: Corporate School Tuition Organization Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Arizona.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Serves 4,578 students in 2011-12.

Florida: Florida Tax Credit Scholarship
Provides scholarships to children from low-income families to attend private school in Florida.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Serves 37,998 students in 2011-12.

Georgia: Georgia Scholarship Tax Credit Program
Provides scholarships to children to attend private school in Georgia.
Tax credits provided to individual and corporate donors.
Serves 8,131 students in 2011-12.

Indiana: Corporate and Individual Scholarship Tax Credit Program
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Indiana.
Tax credits provided to individual and corporate donors.
Serves 5,909 students in 2011-12.

Iowa: Individual School Tuition Organization Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Iowa.
Tax credits provided to individual donors.
Serves 10,820 students in 2011-12.

Louisiana: Scholarship Tax Rebate Program
Provides scholarships to children from low-income families to attend private school in Louisiana.
Tax rebates provided to individual and corporate donors.
Enacted in 2012.

New Hampshire: New Hampshire Education Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in New Hampshire.
Tax credit provided to corporate donors.
Enacted in 2012.

Pennsylvania: Educational Improvement Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Pennsylvania.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Serves 40,876 students in 2011-12.

Pennsylvania: Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families attending failing schools to attend private school in Pennsylvania.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Enacted in 2012.

Rhode Island: Rhode Island Corporate Scholarship Tax Credit
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Rhode Island.
Tax credits provided to corporate donors.
Serves 341 students in 2011-12.

Oklahoma: Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Oklahoma.
Tax credits provided to corporate and individual donors.
Set to begin in 2012-13.

Virginia: Education Improvement Scholarships Tax Credits
Provides scholarships to children from low- and middle-income families to attend private school in Virginia.
Tax credits provided to corporate and individual donors.
Enacted in 2012.

Education Savings Account Programs in the United States

Arizona: Arizona Empowerment Scholarship Accounts Program
Provides accounts to parents of children with special needs, children in failing schools, foster care children, and children of military personnel to spend on a variety of educational tools.
Serves 142 students in 2011-12.

Individual Tuition Tax Credit

North Carolina: Tax Credits for Children with Disabilities
Provides a personal income tax credit for parents who send their children with special needs to private school in North Carolina.
Enacted in 2011.

Charter School Programs in the United States

More than 1.6 million children attend charter schools in 41 states and the District of Columbia. Charter school laws vary widely from state-to-state. For information on the number of students attending charter schools in a particular state, please select that state from our school choice map.

For rankings and more in-depth analysis of state charter school laws, please visit www.charterschoolresearch.com or www.publiccharters.org/charterlawrankings.